FSNAU Nutrition Update: October 2022 – Somalia

As part of the 2022 Post-Gu Seasonal Assessment, the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) conducted 29 nutrition and mortality assessments among displaced, urban and rural populations in Somalia in collaboration with authorities and partners. FSNAU also conducted Six Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) based nutrition assessments in hard to reach/insecure areas. All these assessments were carried out between May and July 2022.

  • At the national level, the median prevalence of acute malnutrition (GAM) has increased from Serious 2021 Gu (11.1%) and 2021 Deyr (13%) to Critical 2022 Gu (15.9%).

  • The number of populations registering Critical GAM (15-29.9%) has increased from 4 in 2021 Gu and 11 in 2021 Deyr to 15 in 2022 Gu.

  • The median prevalence of SAM has also worsened from 1.5% in 2021 Gu and 2.1% in 2021 Deyr to 3.1% in 2022 Gu.

  • A humanitarian emergency is observed (GAM>15% accompanied by CDR > 1 and U5DR >2/10,000/day) in Shabelle Riverine, Shabelle Agropastoral, Baidoa and Burhakaba Agropastoral and among Baidoa IDPs.

  • Critical levels of crude death rates (>1/10,000/day) and five-year death rates (>2/10,000/day) were observed among IDPs in Shabelle Riverine, Shabelle Agropastoral, Baidoa and Burhakaba Agro Pastoral and Baidoa.

  • Qansah Dhere and Dinsor Agro Pastoral reported critical levels of crude mortality (>1/10,000/day) and severe levels of mortality over five years (1 to 1.9/10,000/day).

  • North Gedo Pastoral, Mogadishu IDPs and Kismayu IDPs recorded severe levels of crude death rates (0.5<1.0/10,000/day) and five-year death rates (1 to 1.9/10,000/day).

  • The nutrition and mortality situation is of particular concern among agro-pastoral populations in Baidoa and Burhakaba and among IDPs in Baidoa city Bay Region. At the time of the June and July surveys, nutrition and mortality outcome indicators are already approaching famine thresholds (30% GAM, 2/10,000/day CDR and 4/10,000/day U5DR).

  • The food security, nutrition and mortality situation is of particular concern among agro-pastoral populations in Baidoa and Burhakaba and among IDPs in Baidoa town in the Bay Region. At the time of the June and July surveys, nutrition and mortality outcome indicators are already approaching famine thresholds (30% GAM, 2/10,000/day CDR and 4/10,000/day U5DR).

  • Among agro-pastoral populations in Baidoa and Burhakaba and among IDPs in Baidoa city, food security, nutrition and mortality outcome indicators are expected to pass famine thresholds (IPC Phase 5) between October and December 2022, based on expected further deterioration of the food security, nutrition and mortality situation and a deceleration of humanitarian aid at the end of 2022 due to funding constraints.

  • The total acute malnutrition burden for Somalia from July 2022 to June 2023 is estimated to be approximately 1.8 million children under five years of age (total acute malnutrition burden), representing 54.5 percent of the total population of children, are acutely malnourished until mid 2023 , including 513,550 likely to be severely malnourished.

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Read the update here.

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